Department of Environment Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Received 15 August 2009, Accepted 1 September 2009
In this study was conducted on aquatic plant; water hyacinth (Eichchornia crassipes) which has been successfully utilized for the removal of cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) from aqueous solutions. The overall metal uptake by the plant was dependent upon the concentration of the metal and the duration of exposure. In general, the metal content in plants increased with the increase in metal concentrations in solution and the metal accumulation in roots was always significantly higher than that in shoots for both metals in water hyacinth. Water hyacinth treated with 4 mg/L of cadmium accumulated the highest concentration metal in shoots (148 μg/g) and roots (2006 μg/g) and water hyacinth treated with solution containing 40 mg/L zinc accumulated the highest zinc concentration in shoots (1899 μg/g) and roots (9646 μg/g).
Keywords: water hyacinth (Eichchornia crassipes); metal uptake; cadmium; zinc; accumulation
* corresponding author : Dr. Puziah Abdul Latif